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Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991

The Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 (RHPA), which came into force on December 31, 1993, and was amended in June 2007, provides a common legislative framework under which all regulated health professions in Ontario must function. Currently 28 health professions (26 fully regulated, 2 transitional as of April 1, 2015) are regulated under the RHPA.

The underlying objectives of the RHPA are:

  • To protect the public from harm and from unqualified, incompetent or unfit providers;
  • To promote safe, high quality care;
  • To make regulated health professions accountable to the public;
  • To provide patients/clients access to health care professionals of their choice;
  • To achieve equality and consistency by requiring all regulated health professions adhere to the same purposes, procedures and public interest principles;
  • To treat individual patients/clients and health professionals in an equitable manner.

The RHPA assigns duties and responsibilities to:

  • The Minister of Health and Long-Term Care;
  • The Colleges that regulate health professions;
  • The Health Professions Regulatory Advisory Council; and
  • The Health Professions Appeal and Review Board.

Please click here to view the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 on e-Laws.

Homeopathy Act, 2007

Every regulated health profession in Ontario has, in addition to the RHPA,1991 (RHPA), a profession-specific Act which establishes a regulatory college responsible for governing the profession to ensure the public is protected. The Homeopathy Act, 2007 establishes the College of Homeopaths of Ontario.

The Homeopathy Act, 2007 sets out:

  • The scope of practice of homeopathy, which is defined as "...the assessment of body system disorders and treatment using homeopathic techniques to promote, maintain or restore health.";
  • Title protection, authorizing only members of the College of Homeopaths of Ontario to use the title "homeopath", a variation or abbreviation or an equivalent in another language;
  • The composition of the College Council;

And it empowers:

  • The appointment of the transitional Council and Registrar by the Lieutenant Governor in Council;
  • The transitional Council and Registrar to implement the Homeopathy Act, 2007 and the RHPA.

Please click here to view the Homeopathy Act, 2007 on e-Laws.


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